美式、英式、澳洲英文分辨法

 

 

 

 

1. 單字字尾的差異

 

 

British English

英式英文

American English

美式英文

Example 舉例

(British - American 

英式-美式)

1

words ending in -re

change to -er

centre - center
metre - meter

2

words ending in -our

change to -or

colour - color

3

words ending in -ogue

change to -og

catalogue - catalog

4

words ending in -ise/ize

ending only in -ize

realise/realize - realize

5

final -l doubled after short vowel

l not always doubled after a short vowel

travelled - traveled
modelling - modeling

6

words ending in -ence

change to -ense

defence - defense
lic
ence - license

 

 

 

 

2. 單字與發音的差異

 

 

 

 

 

British English 英式英文

American English 美式英文

A

accelerator

gas pedal, accelerator

advertisement

commercial

aerial (TV, radio)

antenna, aerial

air hostess

flight attendant

alsatian

German shepherd

Amercian Indian

Native American

anorak

parka

anywhere

anyplace,anywhere

at home

home, at home

aubergine

eggplant

autumn

fall, autumn

B

baking tin

baking pan

bank holiday

legal holiday

barrister

lawyer

base rate

prime rate

bath

bathtub

to bath

to bathe

bathroom

bathroom (in privaten Räumen)/toilet

bedside table

nightstand

bill

check

bin

garbage can

biro

ball-point pen

biscuit

cookie

bobsleigh

bobsled

bonnet

hood

booking

reservation

bookshop

bookstore

bookstall

newsstand

boot

trunk

braces

suspenders

brackets

parentheses

C

candy floss

cotton candy

car park

parking lot

caravan

trailer

caretaker

janitor

casualty department

emergency room

catalogue

catalog

centre

center

chambers

law offices

chemist's shop

drugstore

cheque

check

chips

French fries

cinema

movie theater

city centre

downtown

cloakroom

checkroom

clothes peg

clothespin

coach

long distance bus

cocktail stick

toothpick

cocoa powder

unsweetened cocoa

coffin

casket, coffin

colour

color

condom

rubber, condom

cooker

stove

costume

swimsuit

cosy

cozy

cot (Baby)

crib

cotton

thread

crisps

potato chips

crossroads

crossroad (Land)
intersection (Stadt und Land)

cupboard

closet

current account

checking account

curriculum vitae

resume

cutlery

silverware

D

dialogue

dialog

dinner jacket

tux, tuxedo

directory enquiries

directory assistance

diversion

detour

doctor's surgery

doctor's office

double cream

heavy cream

draught

draft

draughts

checkers

drawing pin

thumbtack

dress circle

balcony

dressing gown

bathrobe

drink driving

drunk driving

driving licence

driver's license

duffle coat

trench coat

dummy

pacifier

dustbin

garbage can

duvet

bedspread

dynamo

generator

E

earth

ground

earth wire

ground wire

engaged

busy

engine

motor

to enquire

to inquire

enquiry

inquiry

entrée

appetizer

everywhere

everyplace, everywhere

exercise book

notebook

expiry date

expiration date

extra time

overtime

British English

American English

F

fag

cigarette

fancy dress

costumes

Father Christmas

Santa Claus

favourite

favorite

to fill in

to fill out

filling station

gas station

film

film, movie

fire brigade

fire department

first floor

second floor

fish-fingers

fish-sticks

flannel

face cloth, wash cloth

flashlight

photoflash

flat

apartment
(flat: eingeschossige Wohnung)

flavour

flavor

flyover

overpass

football

soccer

fortnight

two weeks

fringe

bangs

from Monday to Friday

from Monday to Friday
from Monday through Friday (Freitag eingeschlossen)

frying pan

skillet

G

gammon

ham

gangway

aisle

garden

yard

gear lever

gear shift

Gents

Men's Room

to give s.b. a lift

to give s.b. a ride

goods train

freight train

grammar school

high school

to grill

to broil

ground floor

first floor

H

hairdresser

barber shop

hairdresser

hairdresser, beauty shop

harbour

harbor

hard cooked egg

boiled egg

headmaster, head teacher

principal

high street

main street

to hire

to rent

hire purchase

instalment plan

hockey

field hockey

holiday

vacation

hoover

vaccum cleaner

humour

humor

I

ice-hockey

hockey

icing

frosting

icing sugar

powdered sugar

ill

nauseated

indicator

turn signal

injection

shot

insect

bug

interval

intermission

inverted commas, quotation marks

quotation marks

J

jab

shot

jacket potato

baked potato

jam

jelly (no pieces in it)

jewellery

jewelery

Joe Bloggs

John Doe

jug

pitcher

jumble sale

rummage sale

British English

American English

K

kilometre

kilometer

kitchen roll paper

paper towel

knickers

panties

L

label

tag

labour

labor

Ladies

ladies' room

ladybird

ladybug

lager

beer

to lay the table

to set the table

lead

leash

letterbox

mailbox

life jacket

life vest

lift

elevator

litre

liter

lorry

truck

lost property

lost and found

luggage

baggage, luggage

M

mackintosh

raincoat

main road

highway

maize

corn

managing director

president (business)

mashed potato

mashed potatoes

match

game

mate

buddy

maths

math

mean

stingy

medicine

drugs,medicine

mince meat

hamburger meat, ground beef

mobile (phone)

cellular, cell

motorbike

motorcycle

motorway

freeway, interstate

multi-storey car park

parking garage

mum

mom

N

nappy

diaper

national insurance number

social security number

neighbour

neighbor

newsagent's

newspaper store

normal

regular

note

bill

notice board

bulletin board

number plate

license plate

British English

American English

P

a pack of cards

a deck of cards

a packet of cigarettes

a package of cigarettes

paper knife

letter opener

paraffin

kerosene/kerosine

parliament

congress

pavement

sidewalk

pay rise

pay raise

pedestrian crossing

crosswalk

pepper

bell pepper

personnel department

human resources department

petrol

gas

phone box

phone booth

pickled cucumber

dill pickle

platform

track

plug hole

drain

polo neck

turtle neck

porridge

oatmeal

post

mail

post code

zip code

postman

mailman

primary school

elementary school
grade school

programme

program

pub

bar

pupil

student

to put sb. through

to connect sb.

Q

to queue

to line up

quid

buck

R

railway

railroad

reception

front desk

redundant

laid off

to ring

to call

road surface

pavement

roundabout

traffic circle, rotary

row

argument

rubber

eraser

rubbish

garbage

S

school report

report card

secondary school

high school

semi-detached house

duplex

share

stock

shop

store

shop assistant

sales clerk

single ticket

one-way ticket

skipping rope

jump rope

sledge

sled

solicitor

lawyer

Sorry.

Excuse me.

spanner

wrench

sports day

fields day

state school

public school

stock

inventory

store

superstore

storey

story

subway

underpass

sultana

raisin

to suppose

to guess

sweet shop

candy store

T

tap

faucet

taxi

cab, taxi

taxi rank

taxi stand

technical college

vocational school

telephonist

telephone operator

term

semester

terraces

bleachers

test

quiz

theatre

theater

till

cash register

timetable

schedule

tin

can

tissue

Kleenex

to think

to guess

toilet, loo

bathroom, rest room

tortoise

turtle

town centre

downtown

tracks

track

traffic lights

stop lights

trainers

sneakers

tram

streetcar

travelled

traveled

trolley

cart

trousers

pants

tumble dryer

clothes dryer

tyre

tire

British English

American English

U

underground, tube

subway

underlay

carpet pad

undertaker

funeral director

V

van

station wagon

vest

undershirt

video

VCR

W

wage cut

salary cut

waistcoat

vest

wallet

billfold

wardrobe

closet

to wash

wash up

wash up liquid

dish washing liquid

washing up powder

laundry soap

wellington boots

rubbers

wholemeal bread

brown bread

windscreen

windshield

wing

fender

Z

zebra crossing

crosswalk

zip

zipper

 

 

3. 英式英文與澳洲英文的差異

 

 

British English 英式英文

Australian English 澳洲英文

A

a good job

a good lurk

Absolutely!

Reckon!

accident

prang

afternoon

arvo

aggressive

aggro

alcohol

grog

alcohol

booze

American

Yank

angry

berko

Australian

Aussie, Strine

B

banana

nana

beer

amber (fluid)

beer glass (285 ml)

middy, pot

biscuit

Bickie

C

Car paint

Duco

cheap wine

plonk

chicken

chook

chocolate

chokkie

Christmas

Chrissie

criminal

bushranger

D

dockworker

wharfie

drunk

pissed

E

engine (car or boat)

donk

English person

pom

Eucalyptus tree

gum tree

evening meal

tea

exact information

good oil

excellent

ace

F

far away in the outback

back of beyond

farm

station

fast sheep shearer

ringer (in the country)

field

paddock

food

tucker

G

game

brave

Go away.

Shove off.

H

Have you eaten yet?

Did you eat yet?

Hi.

G'day mate.

horses

neddies

How are you?

How are you going?

I

idiot

dill, drongo

information

oil

it

she

it's fine

she's apples

K

kangaroo

Roo

L

lavatory

Loo

lavatory (outdoor)

dunny

Liquor Shop

Bottle Shop

M

Middle of nowhere

back of bourke

Milk bar (South Wales)

deli

milkman

milko

money

lolly (in the country)

mosquito

mozzie

N

New Zealander

kiwi, enzedder

nonsense

piffle

non-stop talk

earbush (old)

P

postman

postie

pub meal

counter meal

R

remote desert country

never-never

road for trucking cattle by road trains

beef road

S

sandwiches

cut lunch

sausage

snag

shark meat

flake

sheep

jumbuck (mainly in songs)

a sheep which has lost all its teeth

gummy

sheepdog

kelpie

sheepfarmer

woolgrower

Shut up.

Belt up.

soldier

digger

stony desert

gibber (used in the west)

stupid person

Alf

swiming costume

bathers

T

tasty food

num-nums (parent to kid talk )

tea kettle

Billie

teacher

chalkie

to complain

to grizzle

to give up

to give it away

to have a look

to gander

to hunt for gemstones

to fossick

toilet

comfort station

tomato sauce

dead horse (old)

trainee on a cattle farm

Jackaroo

trousers

daks, strides

U

underpants (men)

jocks

undertaker

mortician

V

vegetable extract (used for sandwiches)

vegemite

vegetables

vegies

W

waterhole

billabong

Well done!

Good on ya!

 

 
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